The problem: nonhuman animals
lack basic individual rights and therefore respect.
The goal: basic rights - to
live according to one's species' original biological nature and
not to be used, owned, contaminated, or driven from one's home
by humans or human-generated nonliving entities. Fundamental change.
The strategy: Create a new,
empirical understanding of animals, including humans; the status
quo as injustice and delusion; and benefits to all animals, including
humans, of establishing equal basic individual rights of all animals
regardless of species. Create a new animalism.
Belief behind the strategy (true):
No one without rights can have meaningful protection against tyranny
and suffering it causes; rights diminish tyranny, empathy suppression,
and inhumane practice, increasing respect; rights are established
through enlightenment, education, and fundamental change to institutions.
Tactics: Through the spoken
and written word, reframe concerns for animals in terms of equality-justice-rights
(rather than crime-punishment or consumerism); undermine consumerist
and corporatist approaches. Avoid blame and superior attitude;
practice forgiveness; respect all animals, including humans. The
medium is the message.
Prognosis: Fundamental change,
like establishing basic rights of all of Earth's other animals
after thousands of years of human supremacy, takes a very long
time and cannot be achieved through superficial-change strategies,
consumerism, or mass appeal; progress toward basic rights occurs
in the human brain-mind and is not visible early on; the trajectory
is toward basic rights, if a small group of people will dedicate
themselves to the struggle.
The problem: Welfarism: "cruelty"
and "animal abuse." Abolitionism: animal use.
The goal: Welfarism: stricter
animal-welfare laws and enforcement; less cruelty. Abolitionism:
an end to animal-using industries; less animal abuse since use
is abuse. Superficial change.
The strategy: Welfarism: Urge
officials to improve laws and enforcement; urge people to support
the effort. Abolitionism: urge nonparticipation in businesses
shown to cause nonhumans to suffer; promote bans where feasible.
Belief behind the strategy (untrue):
Welfarism: Cruelty, the main cause of nonhumans' suffering at
human hands, can be effectively fought without nonhumans' obtaining
basic rights. Abolitionism: Animal-using industries can be eliminated
through awareness-raising; veganism diminishes animal use and
suffering and can lead to rights.
Tactics: Welfarism: Reinforce
crime-punishment mental frame, one form of "animal abuse"
at a time. Abolitionism: Reinforce suffering-empathy mental frame.
Both: Build support for animal-advocacy institutions and activities
by decrying cruelty and reinforcing optimism bias. Use "animal
rights" incorrectly to mean wishes rather than strategy,
language, and institutions.
Prognosis: No matter how many
people dedicate themselves to welfarism or abolitionism, nonhumans'
plight worsens as long as they lack basic rights - due to the
ever-growing human population and humans' and corporations' rights
in nonhumans and Earth's wealth. Victories for nonhumans are not
progress toward their rights. The appearance of progress prevents
advocates from studying and promoting rights needed for actual